Black Actresses/Atrizes Negras – Ruby Dee/Ruth de Souza

Today I want to acknowledge the life and work of two legendary black actresses, Ruby Dee and Ruth de Souza (photos below). Both of these women were born in the 1920s, Ruby in 1924, Ruth in 1921. They both appeared at a time when it was believed that roles for black women should be restricted to the kitchen if there was even a role for a black woman in the first place. Ruby began her career with the American Negro Theater, founded by Abram Hill and Frederick O’Neal in 1940 in New York. Ruth began her career with the Black Experimental Theatre, founded by Abdias do Nascimento in Rio de Janeiro in 1944. The ANT and the BET were formed to give opportunities to black actors and to present accurate portrayals of black life in America and in Brazil. Ruby and Ruth each have numerous credits that highlight their illustrious careers on stage, television and film. Still today, roles for black women on American and Brazilian television and film are minimal, but today’s black actresses still owe a debt of gratitude to these women for opening the doors of possibility.
Hoje eu quero reconhecer a vida e obra de duas atrizes negras lendárias, Ruby Dee e Ruth de Souza (fotos abaixo). Ambas destas mulheres nasceram na década de 1920, Ruby, em 1924, Ruth em 1921. Ambos apareceram numa altura em que se pensou que a papéis de mulheres negras deveriam ser limitadas à cozinha, se houvesse mesmo um papel para uma mulher negra no primeiro lugar. Ruby começou sua carreira com o Teatro Negro Americano, fundado por Abram Hill e Frederick O’Neal, em 1940, em Nova York. Ruth começou sua carreira no Teatro Experimental Negro, fundado por Abdias do Nascimento no Rio de Janeiro em 1944. O ANT e TEN foram formadas para dar oportunidades aos atores negros, e de apresentar retratos exatos da vida negra na América e no Brasil. Ruby e Ruth cada tem os inúmeros créditos que destacar as ilustres carreiras delas no palco, televisão e cinema. Ainda hoje, papéis para as mulheres negras nos televisão e cinema americana e brasileira são mínimas, mas hoje atrizes negras ainda devem uma dívida de gratidão para com estas mulheres para abrir as portas da possibilidade.


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